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This treaty effectively made the state of Awadh a vassal of the East India Company, although it continued to be part of the Mughal Empire in name until In the East India Company first moved its troops to the border, then annexed the state for alleged maladministration.
Emperor Jahangir — granted an estate in Awadh to a favoured nobleman, Sheikh Abdul Rahim, who later built Machchi Bhawan on this estate. The rainy season is from July to September when the city gets an average rainfall of The Nawabs were ceremonial kings, busy with pomp and show.
Occasionally, Lucknow experiences colder winter spells than places like Shimla and Mussoorie which are situated way high up in the Himalayas.
During the Rebellion also known as the First War of Indian Independence and the Indian Mutinythe majority of the East India Company's troops were recruited from both the people and nobility of Awadh. Under their dominion, music and dance flourished, and construction of numerous monuments took place.
In addition, the revenues from running Awadh's armed forces brought them useful returns while the territory acted as a buffer state. The legend states that Lakshmana had a palace or an estate in the area, which was called Lakshmanapuri Sanskrit: Awadh was placed under a chief commissioner — Sir Henry Lawrence.
For about eighty-four years from toAwadh was part of the Sharqi Sultanate of Jaunpur. According to one legend, the city is named after Lakshmanaa hero of the ancient Hindu epic Ramayana.
One of the Nawab's enduring legacies is the region's syncretic Hindu—Muslim culture that has come to be known as the Ganga-Jamuni tehzeeb. Situated in the middle of the Indus-Gangetic Plainthe city is surrounded by rural towns and villages: Etymology[ edit ] "Lucknow" is the anglicised spelling of the local pronunciation "Lakhnau".
To the east lies Barabankito the west Unnaoto the south Raebareliwhile to the north lie the Sitapur and Hardoi.
It later became the seat of power from where his descendants, the Sheikhzadas, controlled the region.
Upon Indian independence inthe United Provinces were reorganised into the state of Uttar Pradesh, and Lucknow remained its capital. In the offices of lieutenant-governor of the North-Western Provinces and chief commissioner of Oudh were combined; then inthe title of chief commissioner was dropped with the formation of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudhalthough Oudh still retained some marks of its former independence.
The rebels seized control of the state, and it took the British 18 months to reconquer the region. However, the Dalit movement believes that Lakhan Pasi, a dalit ruler, was the settler of the city and is named after him.
Lucknow city is located in a seismic zone III. They were, however, disinclined to capture Awadh outright and come face to face with Polish eyes dating Maratha Empire and the remnants of the Mughal Empire.
Persian adventurer Saadat Khanalso known as Burhan-ul-Mulk, was appointed Nizam of Awadh in and established his court in Faizabadnear Lucknow.
The name changed to Lakhanavati, then Lakhnauti and finally Lakhnau.