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Imperator Caesar Divi Filius: Octavian chose the Betalende dating sites. Walters Art MuseumBaltimore.
Pompeius' own son was put in charge as naval commander in the effort to cause widespread famine in Italy. Sicilian revolt A denarius of Sextus PompeiusBetalende dating sites for his victory over Octavian's fleet, on the obverse the Pharus of Messinawho defeated Octavian, on the reverse, the monster Scylla Sextus Pompeius threatened Octavian in Italy by denying shipments of grain through the Mediterranean Sea to the peninsula.
The tens of thousands who had fought on the republican side with Brutus and Cassius could easily ally with a political opponent of Octavian if not appeased, and they also required land. Their centurions, who had become important figures politically, refused to fight due to their Caesarian cause, while the legions under their command followed suit.
He was given the name Gaius Octavius Thurinus, his cognomen possibly commemorating his father's victory at Thurii over a rebellious band of slaves. The Italian Peninsula was left open to all for the recruitment of soldiers, but in reality, this provision was useless for Antony in the East.
However, though some of his contemporaries did,  there is no evidence that Octavius ever himself officially used the name Octavianus, as it would have made his modest origins too obvious.
After he was adopted by Julius Spokane dating sites, he took Caesar's name in accordance with Roman adoption naming standards. However, the sources agree that enacting the proscriptions was a means by all three factions to eliminate political enemies.
Mark Antony later used the examples of these battles as a means to belittle Octavian, as both battles were decisively won with the use of Antony's forces.
In September, the leading Optimate orator Marcus Tullius Cicero began to attack Antony in a series of speeches portraying him as a threat to the Republican order.
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During the summer, he managed to win support from Caesarian sympathizers, however, who saw the younger heir as the lesser evil and hoped to manipulate him, or to bear with him during their efforts to get rid of Antony. Together with Lucius Antonius, she raised an army in Italy to fight for Antony's rights against Octavian.
Lepidus was left with the province of Africastymied by Antony, who conceded Hispania to Octavian instead.
Philippus never had much of an interest in young Octavius. This new conflict proved untenable for both Octavian and Antony, however.
For example, Octavian allowed the proscription of his ally Cicero, Antony the proscription of his maternal uncle Lucius Julius Caesar the consul of 64 BCand Lepidus his brother Paullus. Gaul and the provinces of Hispania and Italia were placed in the hands of Octavian.
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They had been granted a general amnesty on 17 March, yet Antony succeeded in driving most of them out of Rome. Because of this, Octavius was raised by his grandmother, Juliathe sister of Julius Caesar.
Octavian was able to further his cause by emphasizing the fact that he was Divi filius"Son of God". Following his 31 BC defeat of Mark Antony and Cleopatrapartly on his own insistence, the Roman Senate granted him the additional name, " Augustus ", meaning "the increaser".
He returned Clodia to her mother, claiming that their marriage had never been consummated. His grandfather had served in several local political offices.
This provided an opportunity for Octavian, who already was known to have armed forces. In 38 BC, Octavian replaced his praenomen "Gaius" and nomen "Julius" with Imperatorthe title by which troops hailed their leader after military success. Fulvia's death and the mutiny of their centurions allowed the two remaining triumvirs to effect a reconciliation.
Both consuls were killed, however, leaving Octavian in sole command of their armies.